Development Permit

Acquiring the physical space where a business will operate is a crucial ingredient of success for many firms, even in the digital age. Getting the right location can influence business access to customers, transportation, labor, and materials, as well as determine taxes, regulations, and environmental commitments they must comply with.

  1. Whether an entrepreneur is leasing or purchasing a commercial property, the regulatory framework and the public services related to acquiring a location can have an impact on how conducive the business environment is for individual firms and private sector development of an economy.
  2. Firms are more likely to invest in economies with strong property rights, where they can be confident that their investment in immovable property will be safe.
  3. Looking at how well administration of property rights functions gives a good indication of the economy's prospects for economic growth and provides confidence to the private sector in investing in strategic locations for businesses.
  4. Quality and transparency of land administration are also vital in reducing information asymmetries and increasing market efficiency.
A reliable land administration system provides clear information on property ownership, facilitates development of real estate markets, and supports security of tenure.

When investors and entrepreneurs acquire a new location for their business, the process often involves licensing requirements for altering a property or changing tenancy. Building-related permits are essential for public safety, strengthening property rights, and contributing to capital formation. Last, but not least, transparent and accessible environmental regulations related to building control reduce regulatory burden on firms by offering clarity on rules and regulation.
In this context, this indicator measures the effectiveness of the regulatory framework, the quality of governance and the transparency and efficiency in providing services for property transfer, building and environmental permits.

It consider both the perspective of the firm/entrepreneur (firm flexibility) and the broader public (social benefits). Most of the indicators under the regulatory framework pillar and the public services pillar measure both firm flexibility and social benefits, while indicators under the efficiency pillar relate mainly to firm flexibility.

What the Indicator Measure

  • Regulatory Standards for Land Administration

    Submitting all relevant documents and obtaining all necessary clearances, licenses, permits and certificates

  • Restrictions on Property Lease and Ownership

    Submitting all required notifications and receiving all necessary inspections

  • Gender

    Obtaining utility connections for water and sewerage

  • Regulatory Standards for Building Regulations and Environmental Licenses

    Registering and selling the warehouse after its completion

  • Availability and Reliability of Online Services

    Does not include time spent gathering information

  • Interoperability of Services

    Each procedure starts on a separate day—though procedures that can be fully completed online are an exception to this rule

  • Transparency of Information

    Procedure is considered completed once final document is received

  • Time to obtain a Business Location

    No prior contact with officials

  • Cost to Obtain a Business Location

    Official costs only, no bribes

Institutions under this Indicator

Latest Reforms

Ghana is keeping pace with the rapid global transition to digital technologies, including in the realm of e-government where the country is regarded...

BRR has undertaken a nationwide capacity building and training of staff of Regional Coordinating Councils, Regional Managers of the Ghana Enterprises...

BRR Supported the development of a robust Land Digital Transaction System for online services at the Lands Commission. This has digitized the...